Bleeding / Sore Gums

“Is it normal for my gums to bleed when I brush or floss my teeth?”

“Do I need to floss?”

 “I’m pregnant and I’ve noticed my gums are suddenly swollen and bleeding. Should I be concerned?”

“Why are my gums sore or bigger now that I have braces?”

No it is NOT normal for gums to bleed during brushing and flossing and certainly not while eating. Some causes may be:

  • Lack of adequate brushing and flossing
  • Hormonal fluctuations such as during pregnancy
  • Oral appliances such as braces increase the chances for bleeding and swollen gums to occur
  • Other potentially more dangerous diseases

Toothpaste and toothbrush TV commercials have made most people familiar with the term gingivitis, referring to swollen and inflamed gums that cause bleeding and tenderness to touch. These can often be early signs of irreversible gum disease. The initial cause is a sticky bacterial buildup on your teeth called “bacterial plaque or simply plaque,” that in time hardens into tartar. Hormonal changes and oral appliances like braces may encourage bacterial growth. Plaque can be more easily visualized with disclosing tablets or solutions. Left untreated, gingivitis can become periodontitis, an advanced form of gum and jawbone disease which can ultimately lead to tooth loss.  Advanced periodontitis is often accompanied by dental abscesses and those at times can be very painful.

Gingivitis and its more aggressive form, periodontitis, are never painful. Both are silent diseases much like heart disease, a precursor to a heart attack. Therefore most people have no idea they are infected and if left untreated for too long, it may be too late for help. This type of infection may also be communicated to other family members such as spouses.


Our treatment for sore or bleeding gums depends on the cause of the problem. We start by examining your entire mouth carefully and gently with your comfort in mind.  Once Dr. Cordini has completed his thorough examination, he will discuss his findings and suggest all treatment options.

Infection of your gums that have not spread to the jawbone is likely a case of gingivitis, which will not require advanced treatment. However, finding additional symptoms such as receding gums or loose teeth may necessitate more advanced procedures. We always strive to provide a comfortable and pain-free setting for you.

Treatment options in order of severity:

  • Deep cleaning of roots
  • Deep cleaning of roots with alteration of gums via laser or otherwise
  • Deep cleaning of roots with alteration of gums and bone support

Are you experiencing similar symptoms?

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